2017-03-19 - Exodus Study
Introduction Continued ~ Author
An Introduction - Part 2
- The Book
- The Author
- Where and When
- Themes of the Book
- Coming Up to Speed
How Should We Study the Old Testament? (Cont'd)
- The author of the Torah, Genesis through Deuteronomy, is Moses. While we can always find a skeptic, this is accepted by both Hebrew and Christian tradition. How Moses came up with the history recorded here, which ends some 300 years before his time, is a matter of conjecture. Whether he used preexisting documents, oral history, or God directly revealed it to him doesn’t really matter. The book was written under divine inspiration.
“Surely the Sovereign Lord does nothing without revealing his plan to his servants the prophets” (Amos 3:7).
George Bush, in his commentary on Genesis gives the following arguments for Moses’ au- thorship of the Pentatuch (Torah):
- He is designated in several parts of the work itself as the author:
“Then the LORD said to Moses, “Write this on a scroll as something to be re- membered and make sure that Joshua hears it, because I will completely blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven”” (Exodus 17:14).
“Moses then wrote down everything the Lord had said.
“He got up early the next morning and built an altar at the foot of the mountain and set up twelve stone pillars representing the twelve tribes of Israel.
Then he sent young Israelite men, and they offered burnt offerings and sacri- ficed young bulls as fellowship offerings to the Lord. Moses took half of the blood and put it in bowls, and the other half he sprinkled on the altar. Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read it to the people. They responded, “We will do everything the Lord has said; we will obey”” (Exodus 24:4-7).
“ Then the LORD said to Moses, “Write down these words, for in accordance with these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel”” (Exodus 34:27; see Numbers 32:2, Deuteronomy 31:9, 19-24).
- This is confirmed by the evidence of almost all the writers of the Old Testament.
“Be strong and very courageous. Be careful to obey all the law my servant Moses gave you; do not turn from it to the right or to the left, that you may be successful wherever you go. Do not let this Book of the Law depart from your mouth; meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do every- thing written in it. Then you will be prosperous and successful” (Josh. 1:7-8).
“They were left to test the Israelites to see whether they would obey the LORD’s commands, which he had given their forefathers through Moses” (Judges 3:4).
“ ... This Ezra came up from Babylon. He was a teacher well versed in the Law of Moses, which the LORD, the God of Israel, had given. The king had granted him everything he asked, for the hand of the LORD his God was on him” (Ezra 7:6; see Joshua 8:34-35; 2 Kings 23, 25; 2 Chronicles 30:16; Nehemiah 1:7-8 et al).
- This is confirmed by the evidence of Christ and his Apostles;
““Why then,” they asked, “did Moses command that a man give his wife a cer- tificate of divorce and send her away?”
Jesus replied, “Moses permitted you to divorce your wives because your hearts were hard. But it was not this way from the beginning”” (Matthew 19:7-8).
“Abraham replied, ‘They have Moses and the Prophets; let them listen to them.’” (Luke 16:29)
“For Moses said, ‘The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you must listen to everything he tells you’” (Acts 3:22). (also see Luke 24:47; John 1:17, 7:19; Acts 28:23; Romans 10:5). 1
Study to be continued.
- Bush, George, Notes on Genesis, Volume I, Kock & Klock Christian Publishers, Inc., Minneapolis, MN, 1981, p. XXXI.
All verses are from the English Standard Version (ESV) unless otherwise noted.
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